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Η επίδραση των επενδύσεων, των καθαρών εξαγωγών και της εκπαίδευσης στην οικονομική μεγέθυνση: Εμπειρικά αποτελέσματα από 5 χώρες της περιφέρειας της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης

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Παναγιώτης Πέγκας, Κωνσταντίνος Τσαμαδιάς, Χρήστος Σταϊκούρας, Ιωάννης Βουτσινάς
Παναγιώτης Πέγκας, Κωνσταντίνος Τσαμαδιάς, Χρήστος Σταϊκούρας, Ιωάννης Βουτσινάς


Η μελέτη διερευνά εμπειρικά την αιτιώδη σχέση μεταξύ της οικονομικής μεγέθυνσης και βασικών ερμηνευτικών μεταβλητών της (εγχώριες επενδύσεις, καθαρές εξαγωγές, εκπαίδευση) σε μια ομάδα πέντε χωρών της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης, οι οποίες  είναι μέλη της ευρωζώνης, κατά την περίοδο 1994-2013. Εφαρμόζει το εκτεταμένο νεοκλασικό υπόδειγμα οικονομικής μεγέθυνσης των Mankiw, Romer και Weil (1992). Χρησιμοποιεί ανάλυση πάνελ δεδομένων. Από την εμπειρική ανάλυση προκύπτει ότι μακροχρονίως υφίσταται θετική και στατιστικά σημαντική επίδραση των εγχώριων επενδύσεων, των καθαρών εξαγωγών και της εκπαίδευσης στο ΑΕΠ ανά εργαζόμενο. Την μεγαλύτερη επίδραση είχαν οι καθαρές εξαγωγές. Επίσης, τα αποτελέσματα δείχνουν ότι υφίσταται μια αμφίδρομη μακροχρόνια σχέση αιτιότητας κατά Granger μεταξύ του ΑΕΠ ανά εργαζόμενο, των καθαρών εξαγωγών και της εκπαίδευσης και μια μονόδρομη αιτιότητα με κατεύθυνση από τις εγχώριες επενδύσεις προς το ΑΕΠ ανά εργαζόμενο

Λέξεις κλειδιά

οικονομική μεγέθυνση; εγχώριες επενδύσεις; καθαρές εξαγωγές; εκπαίδευση

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12681/elrie.793

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