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Induced Radioactivity in Medical Accelerators

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J. Kalef-Ezra
J. Kalef-Ezra

Abstract


Radiation-induced activation of patients and materials in radiotherapy treatment rooms may result in occupational radiation hazards due to in-room induced activity. Induced activation following 18 MV X-ray irradiations was assessed during commissioning and use of a medical linear accelerator at Ioannina University Hospital. Measurements were carried out using hand-held instruments at twenty locations in the accelerator bunker (three portable dose rate meters, a contamination meter were used). Temporal ambient dose rate data fitted with exponential functions and coupled with in situ spectroscopic data were used to characterize the post-irradiation field and develop detailed and practical site-specific work-plans to keep personnel doses secondary to radiotherapy as low as reasonably practical. The application of the suggested work-plans kept occupational exposure at very low levels during the first 2 y of clinical use of such beams.


Keywords


Activation; linear accelerator; radiation therapy

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12681/hnps.2500

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